Knowledge has a price, or so it seems. After all, a lot of money is needed to run an institution, recruit talented teachers, provide educational resources and then reserve some money to grant scholarships to exceptional students. There are many reasons why diplomas have become so expensive. In the United States alone, knowledge is one of the most expensive products.
No wonder parents start saving at their children’s college before they even plan to have a family! However, surprisingly, there are ways you can explore if you want to keep your education meaningful and friendly. compare the Cost to do a master’s degree in the United States and cheaper countries to study abroad.
We try to compile the list of countries of the European continent that have policies and universities that allow obtaining a degree without condemning an inconceivable student debt. This includes undergraduate and postgraduate courses. The following list is not exhaustive, but it provides useful insight into the trends of the European university system.
European Countries With Virtually Free College Tuition
#1. Free universities in Germany For International Students
Germany has been one of the few countries that leads the world in the treatment of education as an investment instead of a consumer product. All public universities have free classes not only for German or EU students but also for other international applicants.
Although a master’s degree may cost little, much less than American universities, a doctorate is free for at least the first six semesters.
However, unfortunately, this happy situation resumed with reforms in the Ministry of Education, the Baden Wurttemberg Law State University Fees of 2017. In some public universities, degrees are no longer free for non-EU foreigners who do not qualify for the following criteria:
- International students who were educated in Germany.
- International students of the European Union.
- Students of non-EU permanent German residents.
- And refugees who qualify to stay in Germany.
Fees for eligible students, exempt from tuition, are less than $ 250 per semester for administrative costs. Otherwise, it costs about $ 1,800 per semester, plus administrative fees.
While most public universities are free, we have compiled a list of ten German public universities to give you an idea of the variety of funds needed to obtain a degree under your bachelor’s and master’s degrees.
The University of Tuebingen (no tuition for EU / EEA students. Only $ 180 semester fee. Other foreigners must pay $ 1,800 + semester fee).
Freie University Berlin (Bachelor: No charge. Master: Some like the Executive Master in Commercial Marketing cost $ 17,000).
Humboldt University in Berlin (No tuition. Only semester fee of $ 350).
The University of Leibniz Hannover (free for 6 semesters, with only a semester fee of $ 550. After the 6th semester, pay $ 600 + semester fee).
Technical University of Munich (biannual rate $ 155).
University of Hamburg (no classes except professional teachers. A semi-annual fee of $ 390 applies).
University of Cologne
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (all students outside the EU must pay tuition ~ $ 1,800 per semester).
Ludwig Maximilians University Munich (Without registration. Semiannual rates ~ $ 300 apply).
RWTH Aachen University (Without tuition. Semiannual rates ~ $ 310 apply).
The reforms seem to have affected several public universities to varying degrees. Some even offer free education at a lower semester rate than an iPhone four generations ago.
#2. Free universities in Finland For International Students
Although it is a very popular destination for international students, finishing a Finnish school prevents you from running out of pocket. Its schools are well regarded by the University of Helsinki, as among the best schools in the world.
To the extent that it is expensive to obtain a degree in Finland, well, it depends. You can study for free if you are an EU candidate. Being a direct question, you can also qualify for a license exemption if you meet one of the following gold criteria.
- You are a non-EU / EEA student and started your course in Finland before the fall of 2017.
- A permanent/long-term resident (blue card in Finland or type P-EU).
- An EU / EEA citizen, a relative of an EU citizen, or a citizen of Switzerland.
- A doctoral or temporary exchange student in Finland.
- A student enrolled in a diploma taught in Finnish or Swedish.
As long as you meet these conditions, you can save from $ 5,000 to $ 24,000 ($ 1,800 minimum), depending on your diploma category, being the most expensive professional title.
But if you can find out well in advance and buy your copy of Rosetta Stone for Finnish or Swedish, you can save a piece. These are some of the public universities that must comply with the University Law, which requires enrollment changes in accordance with the above rules.
- Helsinki University
- The University of Eastern Finland.
- Jyvaskyla University.
- University of Lapland
- Oulu University
- Tampere University.
- University of Turku
- Vaasa University
- Abo Akademi University.
- The Lappeenranta University of Technology.
- Hanken School of Economics.
- Helsinki University of Arts
- Aalto University
In addition to these, there is also a list of Universities of Applied Sciences (UAS), such as the University of Applied Sciences of Arcade, the University of Applied Sciences of Centria, the University of Applied Sciences of Diaconia, and another 20 that fall into the same category and Follow similar policies.
#3. Free universities in Norway
State universities in Norway are largely free, with the exception of a small semi-annual fee of around $ 100. Certain specialized masters may be priced slightly higher. This applies to all students, whether Norwegian, from the EU, or from anywhere in the world.
Your health insurance also automatically adjusts to the national insurance system as long as you are enrolled in a program that lasts more than one year.
All you need to consider is the cost of living in Norway. It can be a considerable monthly expense of $ 1,300 for a single person in Oslo. So, although tuition is never a concern, your daily meals can. Here is a list of some of the Norwegian state schools with low or free tuition.
- University of Oslo
- University of Bergen
- Norwegian University of Science and Technology.
- Tromso University.
- Norwegian School of Economics.
- Stavanger University.
- Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Oslo and Akershus.
- Ostfold University College.
- Agder University.
#4. Universities with free tuition in Sweden
Sweden does not forgive tuition like other Nordic countries, such as Finland or Norway. The cost of a title depends on where you are from. You may be exempt from paying a single penny if
- EU / EEA citizen,
- a Swedish permanent resident,
- a Swedish temporary residence permit for non-academic purposes,
- a relative of an EU citizen / permanent resident,
- exchange student,
- or one from Switzerland,
Otherwise, it can range from approximately $ 20,000 a year for a master’s degree in Bioinformatics to $ 17,000 a year for a degree in Physics. Here is a list of some of the public universities where EU citizens can enjoy free education in Sweden.
- Lund University (~ $ 20,000 / year for teachers. $ 17,000 / year for singles).
- Uppsala University ($ 9,000 per semester).
- Gothenburg University (~ $ 8,000 / year for teachers and graduates).
- Royal Institute of Technology (~ $ 19,000 / year for Master of Science).
- Stockholm University ($ 11,300 for masters and bachelor’s degrees).
- Karolinska Institute ($ 22,000 for Master of Science in Biomedicine).
- Linkoping University (between $ 10,000 and $ 17,000).
- Umea University ($ 11,000 to $ 18,000).
- Linnaeus University ($ 10,000 to $ 33,000).
- Malardalen University ($ 11,000 to $ 17,000)
#5. Low-cost universities and free education in Denmark
Another Nordic nation, its bribery policies are similar to those of Sweden. EU / EEA citizens, permanent residents, exchange students, temporary residents who can ascend to permanent residence, children of non-EU / EEA parents who have a residence permit, and Swiss citizens are exempt from paying study fees.
Otherwise, it can vary from $ 7,000 to $ 20,000. Below are some of the universities and their payments.
- Danish Technical University (~ $ 18,000 per class. A fee of $ 9,000 per semester applies if master’s students apply for less than 30 credits or extend their study period beyond the normal duration + one year).
- University of Copenhagen (~ $ 12,000)
- Copenhagen IT University
- Aarhus University ($ 9,000 to $ 15,000 for master’s and bachelor’s degrees).
- Aalborg University ($ 12,000 to $ 17,000)
- Roskilde University ($ 17,000 / year for Mathematics and Computer Science).
#6. Low-cost universities and free education in Belgium
A highly multilingual nation, the high school follows mainly French, with some courses offered in English. While it may not be completely free, tuition is relatively low and manageable. We have listed some of the low-cost educational centers in Belgium.
- Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (~ $ 700 for singles. $ 1,200 to $ 10,000 for teachers)
- University of Ghent (~ $ 1,000 for singles. $ 2,000 for graduates)
- UC Louvain (~ $ 1,000 / year)
- The University of Antwerp (~ $ 300 / credit for masters. Certain teachers have a reduced rate for EU / EEA citizens).
- The University of Liège (US $ 1,000 for EU citizens. Non-EU citizens pay an additional fee according to the program).
#7. Low-cost universities and free education in Austria
In the case of universities in Austria, students from Austria and other EU / EEA countries are exempt from the normal tolerance rate plus two semesters of course duration. In addition to the two additional semesters, they can pay $ 480 per semester for graduates, masters, and even doctorates. Other categories that fall under the exemption include,
- Swiss citizens,
- persons entitled to Austrian asylum,
- Turkish students living with their parents in Austria or whose parents were employed in Austria.
And finally, students with a residence permit: red-white-red plus card, family title, and residence cardholder.
The tuition fees of the universities of Applied Sciences are not cheap and the individual value is at the discretion of each university. The same goes for private universities. These are some of the public universities in Austria.
- University of Vienna
- Johannes Kepler University
- TU Wein
- Technological University of Graz
- Salzburg University
#8. Low-cost universities and free education in Italy
As you probably already guessed, teaching in public universities is less than in private. However, public universities may charge a fee of $ 1,000 a year, but it depends largely on the financial situation of the applicant.
Some universities have individual means to determine the cost of a degree. Here are some public universities listed.
- The University of Bologna (tuition was decided by an equivalent financial position indicator: ISEE. Exemptions are granted to anyone with ISEE values below $ 27,400).
- University of Milan ($ 190 to $ 5,000 depending on your economic situation).
- The Sapienza University of Rome (reduced rate due to low economic background, low-income foreign students, and families with more than one child enrolled in the university).
- Polytechnic University of Turin ($ 3,000 per academic year subject to reduction based on economic condition).
- University of Turin (rate reduction based on the ISEE assessment of less than $ 35,830).
… And some more free and low-cost universities and education in Europe.
Below is a list of some more countries with excellent universities at a reasonable price. In order not to overwhelm the reader, let’s stick to some known countries. It is strongly recommended to do the same and check what the rest of the European continent has in store.
National students from EU states, Iceland, Norway, Switzerland, and Andorra have a reduced credit rate. In total, bachelor’s degrees cost less than $ 2,500, while master’s and doctorates cost less than $ 3,500. The University of Barcelona, the Autonomous University of Madrid, and the University of Valencia are some of the best-known universities in Spain.
The Netherlands also has a reasonable vision of education, with tuition costs of approximately $ 2,500 for EU students, and students from outside the EU are expected to pay between $ 7,000 and $ 18,000 (for more vocational courses expensive) for a degree program.
Some of the country’s public schools are the University of Amsterdam, the University of Utrecht, the University of Twente, the University of Leiden, etc.
Public universities in France predominantly use French as a teaching medium. While tuition fees for private universities can reach $ 8,000 a year, with professional degrees that absorb even more money, public university rates can be greatly reduced if you are willing to learn French.
The university degree can reach $ 200, with a master’s degree of around $ 300 and a doctorate of less than $ 400. Engineering and medicine can be greater in the range of $ 1,000 a year. The University of Paris, the Ecole Polytechnic, the Pierre and Marie Curie University, the Aix University of Marseille, and the University of Paris Sud are some of the French public schools.
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